Uyghurs are Central Asian people who speak Turkic. They are mostly found in China’s northwest and in the independent Xinjiang region. The Uyghurs are another Muslim minority in Xinjiang, along with the Kyrgyzs, Kazakhs and Hui.
The title of the area suggests that the Uyghurs can be autonomous and self-governing. Xinjiang however is a China area that is strictly governed, similar to Tibet.
Numerous Uyghurs reside in neighboring countries, including Kazakhstan and Kyrgyz. Australia is home for approximately 3,000 Uyghurs. China’s Premier Xi Jinping has taken a strong stance on the Uyghurs as well as other Muslim minorities residing at Xinjiang. However, the administration has increased the police presence in the region and used advanced tracking devices.
Muslim minorities are illegally held and detained. One million Uyghurs are being held in China’s “professional educational facilities.”
These detention facilities are designed to mimic secure prisons. A new ABC report says that China’s campaign for subjection involved the expansion of 28 prison centers throughout Xinjiang. In addition to stories of death in detention, and compulsory labour, mounting evidence shows that these centres are violating human liberties.
According to reports, Uyghurs in China have requested Beijing for evidence of life on their relatives who are missing from Xinjiang. According to The Guardian, around 80% of Uyghurs who live in Australia claim to have a relative who has disappeared into one the prisons.
The People’s Republic Of China seized control over Xinjiang in 1949. Around 76% of people living in the area are Uyghur. Han Chinese made up only 6.2%, which is the largest ethnic group in the country. The remainder consisted of people from other minorities.
Han immigration has caused a shift in the racial composition of the town since 1949. According to official statistics, the country now has 42% Uyghurs living there and 40% Han citizens.
Beijing doesn’t recognize the region as a province. Many Muslims of Xinjiang consider the 1949 acquisition colonialism. However, some people have rebelled against Beijing. Some support Freedom United whereas others oppose using Mandarin.
Beijing regards criticism of the Chinese Communist Organization or any unhappiness with it as dangerous. National security is threatened by minorities. Even if there are reasonable voices advocating for better jobs, education, and wellbeing, this is still true. Beijing is the most concerned about regional security. An assertion that Xinjiang was always part of China is not to be believed.
A large number of Uyghurs fled China during the 1980s and 90s due to violent crackdowns.
Recurrent demonstrations have taken place throughout Xinjiang as a result of recurrent efforts at quick and forcible integration, discriminating and repressive laws, and a loop of what critics have dubbed “repression-violence-repression.”
Terrorist attacks sometimes occur both in Xinjiang, and other areas of China. For example, the attack on Kunming’s railway terminal.
Beijing has redefined Uyghur ethnicity in recent years as a terrorist group. Beijing has now the reason to make Xinjiang a regime for monitoring. A noticeable rise in Islamophobia has been observed in China. Some Uyghurs were hired by the government to keep an eye on Uyghurs in general and detect any suspicious or illegal activity. It is applicable to Uyghurs that have stopped smoking or abstaining from alcohol consumption, as well as Uyghurs that refuse to view Chinese news programmes.
Beijing uses iris reading, DNA testing, 3D images to identify Uyghurs, voice identification and other monitoring methods. These technologies were implemented when Chen Quanguo was made the Xinjiang Party Leader by Xi. Chen also oversaw Tibet’s Buddhist populace in Tibet, where he held a similar position.
Recent reports have reported that up to 100 Uyghur intellectualsia (including poets and journalists as well as university lecturers) were recently jailed. Academics who advocate for justice and uphold traditional traditions are subject to persecution, even if they have reasonable positions.
Beijing detained IlhamTohti, an economist who opposed independence and pushed Xinjiang for peace, in 2014. He is currently being held in life imprisonment for being a separatist.
Xinjiang’s physical dependence on China makes it difficult for the Chinese government to implement China’s Belt and Road programme. This is a growth strategy which includes construction and spending throughout Europe, Asia and Africa. It might allow the world to use international pressure as a means of imposing sanctions on China. You can also renounce or suspend any existing Belt and Road contracts. It is up to other countries to take the initiative and make Beijing adhere to international human rights laws.
What were the reactions on a global scale?
A large proportion of the world condemned China for imprisoning Uyghurs within Xinjiang. China was requested by the human rights officer to release those unjustly held and give the addresses of those still missing. Many Western nations that are members of the United Nations Human Rights Council were considering a resolution to China when the office’s assessment was published 2022. Perhaps with an investigation.
The US government was first to accuse China in January 2021 of genocidal acts toward the Uyghurs. But legislators in many other countries have followed their lead, including Canada, and the United Kingdom. Sanctions have been imposed on many countries against chinese leaders and organizations that are connected to rights violations.
States have also adopted regulations to address the problem of forced labor in Xinjiang. With the Uyghur Forced Labor Protection Act the United States effectively banned imports from the region.